Rhytm of Container Transportation Research, September 2017
Cntracking.com is a digital platform which provides services to users in container transportation ecosystem in more than 160 countries. Container tracking and searching routes between all ports in world services are provided by a platform and the platform has been increasing the number of its users day by day. An increase in this naturally provides abundant data which allows researchers to share with the public.
Rhythm of the Container Transportation Research is a spatial study for the purpose of sharing with the public every month. The purposes of the study are 1) Defining most preferred ship owners, 2) finding the most searched 10 Container routes, 3) determining international trade volume in Cntracking and 4) evaluating accessibility of Turkish Ports with other ports based on transit time.
2. Research Area
The research was conducted with the compilation of anonymous data of 11,355 different users actions within www.cntracking.com in September 2017. Users logged in to platform 20.508 times and compared to August they spent 4% more time inside the website while clicking 3% more pages during their session. Compared to visits in August, platform’s performance increase can be observed. Especially increase in average of session time spent indicates that users logged in to website doing more in their sessions.
Table 1. Sample of Research: Cntracking platform users
www.cntracking .com platform is used in more than 160 countries. 35.4% of the users are from Turkey with an increase of 2.27% and 9.38% are from India and 5.76% of the users are from U.S.A. Even there are some changes between the visits in August and September, they could provide their positions. (See Table 2)
Table 2. Sample of Research: Distribution of Cntracking platform users by country and differences between August & September.
2. Key Findings of the Study
Key findings of the study is covered in three main sections;
2.1. Ship Owner Preference of the Users
Cntracking platform allows the users to track containers on ship owner basis the users. You can see the most searched 5 ship owners in September 2017 in Table 3. In September, the searches of Maersk increased by 3.41% up to 16.90%, surpassing the MSC's 16.5% up to 1.40% respectively. Hapag-Lloyd increased its share from 5.93% up to 11.25%, passing CMA CGM and COSCO to 3rd place.
An interesting development occurred in September is which decrease of Other shipowners by 10%. In this case, it can be said that small shipowners have difficulty in competing against big shipowners taking over small competitors and building new partnerships for decreasing costs, which have caused a fall in their marketshare.
Table 3. Ship owner preference of the users: September 2017 and changes from August
2.2. Most Searched Routes
Cntracking platform allows users to search routes free and provides them with information about ETA and transit time of the ship owners on the route. The top ten most searched routes from Turkish ports in September 2017 are listed in Table 4. Istanbul(Ambarlı)-Aqaba, Mersin-Karachi and Izmir-Jebel Ali are the most viewed ones. Turkey-Qatar route searches have decreased significantly. The effect of Qatar Crisis was apparent in August. Nevertheless the most searched route from Turkey to Qatar route became 5th (Mersin-Doha) due to wane in Qatar Crisis..
Table 4. Top 10 From Turkey Route: September 2017 and changes from August
Globally the most searched 10 routes are listed in Table 5. Alger(Algeria)-Durres(Albania), Jebel Ali(UAE)-Umm Qasr(Iraq) and Thessaloniki(Greece)-Hamburg(Germany) are the most searched routes in September 2017.
Table 5. Top 10 Searched Global Routes: September 2017 and changes from August
2.3 Determining International Trade Volume In Cntracking
Cntracking platform is used almost all over the world, except such countries as: Turkmenistan, Greenland, Svalbard, Tajikistan, South Sudan, Central African Republic, Moldova, North Korea and Western Sahara. Such wide range of being used offers a great deal of opportunities to assess the global trade trends by Cntracking.
According to Cntracking data, the China-Turkey route is the first with 6.01% share in container traffic while the China-Iran route is the 3rd with 4.22%. The 2nd and the 4th ranks belongs to From Turkey routes: Namely, the Turkey-UK route is the 2nd with 4.4% and the Turkey-UAE route is the 4th with 4.15% share. The routes from Turkey have 39% in the total container traffic while the top 5 countries have 70% share of the total traffic.
Tablo 6. International Trade Volume In Cntracking
Turkey is the most exporting country according to Cntracking Intratrade data.Turkey is also the most importing country in Top 5 Exporting Countries with 11.37% share in total imports. Turkey imports are mostly from China with 6.01% share. Also India is one of the significant importers in Top 5 List. India’s main import source is Russia with 2.43% of total imports, and India has 6.22% share in total imports. China has the 3rd place in importing compared to Top 5 countries with 2.79% share. The biggest exporter of China is Russia with 1.5%.
Table 7. Import based international trade volume in Cntracking
2.4 Evaluation of Accessibility Of Turkish Ports Based On Transit Time: September 2017
This analysis includes minimum and maximum transit times of the chosen routes from Turkish ports which measured by Cntracking platform (See Table 6). For example Gemlik-Dakar route has longest transit time (with 41 days) while Mersin-Alexandria route has shortest (only 1 day).
In some routes, significant differences are observed in transit times, depending on the nature of the services the shipowners have provided. For example, the transit time of the Izmir - Aqaba route is measured as a maximum of 27 days and a minimum of 15 days. With this difference, Izmir-Aqaba route has the broadest range in transit times. İstanbul-Chittagong and İstanbul-Aqaba route transit time difference has decreased to 11 days. Aliağa-Jebel Ali transit time differences have decreased to one day while in İzmir-Port Sudan route transit time difference has become zero. These differences may have been caused by bad weather conditions, high density in ports or any other causes.
Table 8. Evaluation of Accessibility Of Turkish Ports Based On Transit Time.: September 2017